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THE NAMES OF THE FATHER, HOLY SPIRIT AND JESUS IN THE BIBLE 

IS GOD’S ‘PERSONAL NAME’ JEHOVAH AS JEHOVAH’S WITNESSES CLAIM? 

WHAT ARE THE NAMES OF THE FATHER, JESUS AND THE HOLY SPIRIT?

 

Was God talking to other gods when He decided to create humanity, as some people allege? 

Notwithstanding the many conflicting interpretations of Gen. 1:26, it remains written, “Let Us make mankind in Our image, after Our likeness…” Who was God talking to?  There is NO other God but The True Godhead of the Scriptures! All through Scripture, God revealed Himself as One God: The Godhead of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. 

Here is the true meaning of the word “Elohim,” interpreted as more than one person, which means “more than one god in agreement with one another,” (Gen. 1:26-28.)  Wikipedia Encyclopaedia explains, “Elohim (אֱלֹהִ֔ים) is a grammatically singular or plural noun for "god" or for "gods" in both modern and ancient Hebrew language.  When used with singular verbs and adjectives, elohim is usually singular, "god" or especially, the God...  Hebrew grammar allows for this nominally-plural form to mean "He is the Power (singular) over powers (plural)", or roughly, "God of gods"...   Elohim [also] means [‘ruler,’] "divinity" or "deity”…  The word Elohim occurs more than 2,500 times in the Hebrew Bible, with meanings ranging from "god" in a general sense, (as in Exodus 12:12, where it describes "the gods of Egypt"), to a specific god (e.g., 1 Kings 11:33, where it describes Chemosh "the god of Moab", or the frequent references to Yahweh as the "elohim" [or God (not ‘gods’) of Israel); to demons, seraphim, and other supernatural beings, to the spirits of the dead brought up at the request of King Saul in 1 Sam. 28:13, and even to magistrates, kings and prophets, (e.g., Exodus 4:16)...”  

Scripture frequently refers to spirits, magistrates, and other powerful ‘rulers’ as ‘gods’ because of their political and spiritual power on earth.  E.g., ‘Satan is the god, [or actually, the mere controlling deceiver and not a real god] of this world,’ while there is only One God and Creator of the whole universe, the Lord Jesus Christ. 

In Hebrew thought, it was, is, and always will be utterly unacceptable that rabbis would refer to the One and Only God of the Scriptures as different “gods.”  Worshipping the Mono, or One God as described in Old Testament Scriptures, compared to the polytheism of all Gentile nations, is what made Old Testament-Covenant Hebrews unique in this world. 

 

Was God aligning Himself with created forces, wind and fire, calling them “Us?” 

Such a wild assumption is just ridiculous!  Mere created elements can never think, reason, speak, etc.  Elements are marvellous substances, but they will always remain merely the handiwork of The Almighty Godhead.  It is completely against the truth of Scripture and even contrary to natural reason that God could have liaised with the elements at creation! 

 

Was God consulting the angels when He created earth and everything on it? 

The common Jewish and other Unitarian answer to the question on Gen. 1:26-28 is as follows, “There is no plurality in God.  God is an absolute and simple unity. [Sounds right, but they say this to exclude The Godhead of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit!]  The term ‘Elohim’ that is used in Genesis for the English term ‘God’ is plural in form but singular in meaning.  Where God said, “Let us make man…” we should not think that there was more than one God…  He was consulting with the heavenly beings whom he had before created — the angels...”  Why would the Creator God of the whole universe and everything in it, suddenly consult with His creatures, asking them how they should create humanity, ‘the crown of His creation?’  In addition, how can it be possible that the Almighty Creator God supposedly referred to the angelical host as co-creating gods — or incorporating them into His divine plans and decisions?  It is also unlikely that God was speaking to the angels “as a king would address his troops,” calling them “Us”?  (I.e., as when a king commands his armies, ‘Let Us destroy Our Enemies!’)   

Let God speak for Himself concerning these so-called ‘co-creator’ angels, “Where were you when I [GOD] laid the foundation of the earth…  Who laid its cornerstone when the morning stars [the angels] sang together and the sons of God [the angels] shouted for joy?… When I [God] made the clouds its garments…  When I fixed My limit for it...” (Job 38:4.) 

As humanity and all other living beings, all the angels, (holy and unholy,) are mere supernatural creatures of God.  God’s multitudes of holy angels are wonderful creatures and, as spiritual beings, they remain exulted above physical humankind and all the animals, trees and plants, but they remain creatures of God nonetheless, (Heb. 2:6-8.) 

Angels have never, and can never create anything, although God Himself said, they were present when He created the earth.  Amos introduced The Creator in 5:8 as the God “Who made the cluster of stars called Pleiades and the constellation of Orion.” And Isaiah told us in 40:12-26 how “He measured the waters of the earth in His hand, metered out heaven with a span, caught the dust of the earth in a measure and weighed the mountains on scales.  He brings out heaven’s host [His supernatural, spirit servants, the angels] by number; He calls them by names…  He misses not even one.” 

Heb. 1:1-4 explained, “...In these last days, [of the New Testament dispensation,] God has spoken to us by His Son... Through Whom also He made the worlds... [The physical, as well as the ‘heavenly’ or atmospheric ‘worlds’ around the earth, and the physical, microscopic, atomic, and the spirit worlds.”]  John agreed in chapter 1:1, “In the beginning was the Word, [God’s Son Jesus,] and The Word was with God and the Word Was [and still Is] GOD.  He was in the beginning with God.  All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made …” 

Boom!  There goes the creating-angelic-force deception as well.  There is absolutely no Scriptural evidence that God sent angels to create the earth or anything on earth.  The act of creation itself can only be attributed to One Person: The Almighty Creator Godhead of the Bible; the Lord Jesus Christ Himself, according to Heb. 1:1-3! 

The Creator Godhead Himself created His angelical host in a time long before Genesis, to be His servants and worshippers, commanding them, “Let all the angels of God worship Him, [Christ Jesus, the human incarnation of God Himself.]  And of the angels He says, ‘Who makes His angels spirits and His ministers a flame of fire... Sent forth to minister for those [sincere believers and followers of Jesus,] who will inherit salvation?’” (Heb. 1:5-7; 14.) 

The entire Bible, read in context, speaks of The Godhead of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, creating heaven, earth and everything around and on it with His own hands, not by the words of His mouth only!  God’s Word Is His Son Jesus Christ and God Himself, (Col. 2:9; Rev. 19:11-16.)  Thus, God did not simply ‘speak His entire creation into being,’ “POW!” like some great magician, as the Charismatic church and her affiliates allege.  Scripture teaches that The Godhead Himself carefully planned and then made it all meticulously with His own hands!  When “Godliness or The Godhead” created everything on the earth, God the Holy Spirit [or the Inseparable, Ever-present Godhead Himself] was moving over the… waters.”  Simultaneously, the same Inseparable, Ever-present Jesus the Son, in Whom the fullness of the Godhead dwells bodily, was also creating the chaotic darkness and waters of Gen. 1:2 into the liveable planet we know now. 

The One and Only Godhead of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit created everything on earth and even the universe itself all by Himself!  To tear the Godhead of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit into three separate persons is impossible and utter blasphemy!  He is so much higher than our understanding of Him as the heaven itself is above the earth.  The writer of the Book of Hebrews, (1:1-4,) said, “God... has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, [His Own Word, Rev. 19:13,] Whom He appointed Heir of all things, by Whom also He made the worlds, [the universe as well as the spirit worlds,] Who, being the brightness of His glory and the express Image of His Person, and upholding all things by the Word of His power... [Of Whom He says,] (V.8,) “Your throne, O God is forever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of Your Kingdom...” 

The Inseparable, Omnipresent Godhead asked in Old Testament Prov. 30:4, “Who has ascended into heaven?  [Jesus, in Whom the fullness of The Godhead dwells bodily did!]  Or descended?  [Jesus, in Whom the fullness of The Godhead dwells bodily did.]  Who has gathered the winds in His fists… Bound the waters in a garment… Established all the ends of the earth? What is His Name, and what is His Son’s Name if you know?”   

 

THE NAME AND NATURE OF THE GODHEAD OF THE BIBLE    

WHAT ARE THE NAMES OF GOD THE FATHER? 

When Moses asked God, “[If the Hebrews] ask me, ‘What is His Name?’ what shall I say to them?” God answered, “I Am Who I Am.  [YHWH in Hebrew.] Thus, you shall say to the children of Israel, I Am has sent me to you…  [I Am] Is My Name Forever, and this is My memorial to all generations,” (Ex. 3:12-15.) 

Therefore, if ever there could be a Name for God during the Old Testament dispensation, it is ‘I Am!’  YHWH, written in Hebrew in consonants (klmnoptrsxyz.. Letters) without vowels, (a,e,i,o,u)  So, in English, we write His Name ‘Yahweh.’ 

Strong’s Concordance describes “I Am” or YHWH as follows, “To exist,” “Be,” “Become,” or “Come to pass.”  Wikipedia explained,  “I Am what I Am (אֶהְיֶה אֲשֶׁר אֶהְיֶה, ʾehyeh ʾašer ʾehyeh [ʔehˈje ʔaˈʃer ʔehˈje]) is a common English translation of God’s response when Moses asked for His Name… [and] literally translates as "I Will Be What I Will Be"…” 

Most of the Names of the Old and New Testament God are descriptive of His Holy, Almighty, Saving, Creator-God Character.  Wikipedia continued, “The Name of God in Judaism used most often in the Hebrew Bible is the [unpronounceable] four-letter name יהוה (YHWH)…  [The Name YHWH first appears in Gen. 2:4, and was translated as “The Lord God.”]   El (god), Elohim (god in plural form), El Shaddai (God Almighty), Adonai (Master or Lord), El Elyon (Highest or Most High,) and Avinu (our Father) are regarded by many religious Jews not as names, but as epithets or titles highlighting different aspects of YHWH and the various 'roles' of God.” 

God YHWH is called Elohim in Hebrew:  “In the beginning God [Elohim] created the heavens and the earth,” (Gen. 1:1.) 

Yah: “[Not a complete name, which] appears in theophoric names, such as Elijah or Adonijah. Found in the King James Version of the Bible at Psalm 68:4.” 

YHWH is also God “Whose Name is Jealous,” ( Ex. 34:14.)  “Whose Name is Holy,” (Is. 57:15.)  Whose Name is Abba, (which means Father not “Daddy.”)  God Almighty, (Ex. 6:3.)  “Call me Husband and no longer call Me ‘Master,’ [Baali,] for I will take from [Israel’s] mouth the names of the Baals… [or strange gods, which pretend to be her masters.]” (Hos. 2:16-17.)  Here, God was not forbidding the use of His Hebrew title Adonai, (which means Master, or Lord.)  God was rebuking the Old Israelites, who were so busy mixing pagan worship with the God of the Bible, that they began to use the Semitic word for ‘master,’ Baali, which referred to the sun god Baal, when they prayed to the God of the Bible. 

 

‘IS GOD’S “PERSONAL” NAME JEHOVAH, AS JEHOVAH’S WITNESSES CLAIM? 

The Jehovah-Witness claim that “Jehovah is the personal and only name of God,” carries an entire church system. 

However, Jews do not call God ‘Jehovah.’ 

The “name” Jehovah is “a Christian [Jehovah Witness] mispronunciation and misinterpretation of YHWH,” [or Yahweh, “I Am Who I Am, “] which, according to Hebrew tradition, is so holy it is forbidden to pronounce!)  Nonetheless, Strong’s Concordance says that “Yehowah means ‘Lord’ or ‘The Lord;’ Self-Existent or Eternal.’  As all the other ‘Names’ or ‘titles’ of God, “Yehowah” is descriptive of God’s Nature, Character, and Work.”  Wikipedia explained the Jehovah Witness ‘name’ ‘Jehovah,’ as follows, “Jehovah /dʒɨˈhoʊvə/ is a Latinization [a Roman Catholic Church translation] of the [descriptive] title of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible, which has also been transcribed as "Yahweh (or YHWH, ‘I Am Who I Am.’]  ‘Jehovah’ is a [Christianisation of the Hebrew יְהֹוָה, a vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה (YHWH).” 

Jehovah’s Witnesses erroneously use the so-called ‘name’ ‘Jehovah’ to support their legalistic, exclusive religion. 

 

What are the Names of the Holy Spirit?

From the context of Scriptural truth, it is plain that the Holy Spirit is not the Roman Catholic Church’s Feminine goddess, (Mother Mary,) as The Godhead of the Bible certainly does not have a “feminine side!”  The entire God-created angelical host is also male!  What’s more, The Godhead of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit is indeed One God, always refereed to as “He” and “Him” throughout the whole Bible!  Consequently, the Holy Spirit cannot be an impersonal, electrical force either, nor the mere ‘power’ of God; nor a creation of God such as wind, air, or fire.  An electrical force, air, or wind is impersonal, without emotion or intelligence, and incapable of performing any kind of task by itself.  The Holy Spirit is God Himself.  When He speaks to us, it is God Himself speaking to us.  As the Holy Spirit is the Living God Himself, we can lie to Him; quench His work in us, and blaspheme against Him, (Acts. 13:2-3; Jn. 14: 26; 16:7-14; Rom. 8:14-16; Lu. 12:10; Acts 5:3; 1 Cor. 12:4-11.) 

God the Holy Spirit is God  also chooses His disciples and send out His workers.  He convinces humanity of His Scriptural truth, and convicts them of their lost spiritual condition without a saving knowledge of the Man Jesus Christ.  As God Himself, the Holy Spirit adopts sincere believers in Christ as the Father’s spiritual children, builds the body of Christ, leads His true disciples into all truth, gives them spiritual gifts; testifies to their salvation, and comforts them in trials and tribulation. 

As a result:

The Holy Spirit is called The Spirit of Jesus, (Acts 16:7-8.) 

The Holy Spirit is called The Spirit of God, (Mt. 3:16.) 

The Holy Spirit is called The Spirit of The Lord, (2 Cor. 3:17.) 

The Holy Spirit’s Name is The Spirit of Christ, (1 Pt. 1:11.) 

The Holy Spirit’s Name is Christ, (Rom. 8:9-10.) 

The Holy Spirit’s Name is The Spirit of Life in Christ, (Rom. 8:2.) 

The Holy Spirit’s Name is The Spirit of Truth, [and Jesus Himself is The Truth,] (Jn. 14:17; 15:26.) 

The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Resurrection, (Rom. 8:11.) 

The Holy Spirit is The Comforter, (Isa. 11:2; Jn. 14:16.) 

The Holy Spirit is The Spirit of Adoption, (Rom. 8:15; 23.) 

The Holy Spirit is The Counselor, bringing to remembrance all things Jesus taught His disciples, (Jn. 14:26.) 

The Holy Spirit is The Witness, (Rom. 8:16-17.) 

The Holy Spirit is The Guide, (Rom. 8:14; 9 Jn. 16:13.) 

The Holy Spirit is The Teacher, (Jn. 14:26.) 

The Holy Spirit is The Intercessor, (Rom. 8:26-27.) 

The Holy Spirit is The Helper, (Jn. 14:16, 26; Rom. 8:26-27.) 

The Holy Spirit is the Convicter of Sin, (Jn. 16:8.) 

The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Possession, (Rom. 8:9-10.) 

The Holy Spirit is the Indwelling Spirit, (Rom. 8:9; 1 Cor. 6:18-20;)

The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Liberty in Christ, (Rom. 8:2.) 

 

What are the Names of Jesus? 

The human being Jesus was, is, and always will be God Himself, (Jn. 1:1-3.)  This is not Jesus-Only dogma but Biblical fact.  God, Who became a man, or the visible, human “Image of God,” is called Jesus, The Son of God, “in Whom dwells [resides, stays, have a home, inhabits,] the fullness of the Godhead bodily, ” (Col. 2:9-10; Heb. 1:1-3.)  In other words, the Inseparable Godhead of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit took on human form, and the Name of This Incarnated Man is Jesus.  In this way, “God [or The Godhead of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit] was manifest in the flesh...” (1 Tim. 3:16.) 

Scriptural fact, contextually interpreted, testifies overwhelmingly that: Oneness Pentecostals such as Jesus Only baptize in the Name of Jesus and not in the Name of The Godhead, (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit,) because they reject the Godhead of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  Nevertheless, they cannot change the fact that God Jesus’ Name resides in, and consists of the Name of the Inseparable, Ever-present Godhead of Scripture, Who is “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit” - the Name in which Jesus commanded His disciples to be baptized, (Mt. 28:19-20.)

Due to the inseparability of The Godhead of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, Jesus is called “Mighty God” in the Old Testament, (Is. 9:6,) but He calls Himself “Almighty God” in Rev. 1:8 and Rev. 15:3, declaring,  “I Am [YHWH] the Alpha and Omega, the Beginning and the End, Who IS, Was and Is To Come, The Almighty [God.]”  The redeemed in heaven sing a song calling Him “Lord God Almighty!” (Rev. 15:3.)  The angel in Rev. 16:5-7 also called Him “Lord God Almighty!”

Jesus Himself stated in Jn. 8:23-24, “...If you do not believe that I Am He, [the Heavenly Father Who sent Me, Jn. 8:18-19,] you will die in your sins…”  [The Old Testament YHWH, meaning “I Am,”] confirmed in Isa. 43:10b-11 that ‘He and His Son’ are The Inseparable Godhead.  He declared, “...Understand that I Am He…  Before Me there was no God formed nor shall there be after Me.  I, even I Am the Lord, [Yehowah in Hebrew,] and besides Me there is no Savior...” 

Jesus is called “Everlasting Father” in the Old Testament, but a New Testament Paul distinctly said in 1 Cor. 8:5-7, “Even if there are so-called gods [plural,] whether in heaven or on earth, (as there are many gods and many lords,) yet, for us, there is One God, the Father, of Whom are all things; and we for Him; and One Lord Jesus Christ, [Our Everlasting Father,] through Whom are all things, and through Whom we live.  However, there is not in everyone that knowledge...” 

The incarnation of the Lord Jesus Christ was clearly prophesied in the Old Testament as we have seen, but He was only revealed at His birth at the beginning of the New Testament Dispensation.  From that moment on, God the Father was fulfilling (Mt. 5:17,) the Old Testament Covenant’s the ceremonial law in favor of the New Testament Covenant of grace in Jesus Christ His Son, (read Hebrews chapters 7-9.)  It was no coincidence that a New Testament Peter recited the Old Testament prophecy concerning this Hebrew Savior in Isa. 28:16, when he said, “...There is no other Name given among men by which we must be saved, [except the Name of The Lord Jesus!]”  (Acts 4:10-12.) 

Paul taught in Rom. 10:8-13, “The Word, [or the omnipresent Son of God Jesus] is near you… [While the omnipresent Holy Spirit indwells His believers constantly, 1 Cor. 6:18-20.]  If you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and [personally] believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved… For whoever calls, [unwaveringly] on the Name of the Lord, [Jesus,] shall be saved!’”  This declaration of Paul was based on a realization of the Old Testament prophecy in Joel 2:28, “...And it shall come to pass that whoever calls on The Name of The Lord shall be saved…” 

Jesus is the Name above all Names!  (Phil. 2:9-11.)  “In the Name of Jesus every knee shall bow and every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord!”  True to the inseparability of The Godhead of Father, Son and Holy Spirit, Old Testament Isaiah prophesied to the Hebrew nation, (Isa. 7:14; 9:6,) “The Lord Himself give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His Name Immanuel [meaning God (Himself) with us…] For to us a Child is born, to us a Son is given, and the government [all authority and reign] shall be upon His shoulder, and His Name shall be called Wonderful Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” (Mt. 28:18; Lu. 2:11.) 

This prophecy was fulfilled to the letter in Mt. 1:22-23 by Immanuel, Who is called “Jesus,” the “Almighty God” of both the Old and the New Testament, (Rev. 1:8.) 

 

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